Moving Forward

Even though as a student taking upon the animation course, I have to also take upon the subject of “Critical Thinking in Creative Media (CIU110).” In this unit, the subject helps students expand their skills of thinking critically as well as analyzing and improving their self-reflective learning. This unit also helps students understand and be aware of the academic purpose of education through personal, societal, and professional viewpoint.


As a student, I ask myself on how I can be able to successfully complete this unit. Well first off, I can successfully complete CIU110 unit by following the home works and the assignments that’s been given to me. Every time I follow the assignments, it will help me improve and learn more of the topics discussed during class. In fact, homework is really effective for many students. It can help me understand the topic discussed during class, and it can help me practice over it. Of course, turning in the assignments at the right time will help me improve my grade (as well as my time management). This gives off the benefit of being able to understand the mistakes that I make and how I can be able to correct them to get better grades.


Of course, I have to listen to every lecture during class. Listening to everything that your lecturer will say will definitely help me pass CIU110; however, I must be willing to learn and listen because if i don’t, I will have a bad time. Dennis G. Jerz showed the tips from one of her students claiming that, “Approaching lectures with a positive attitude allows one to be open-minded and enables you to get the most out of the information presented. Make a conscious effort to pay attention. Concentrate on concentrating” (Jerz, 2001).So if we don’t listen, then we will not learn and we will miss critical or decisive information for future purposes.

Even if I try to successfully complete CIU110, how will this subject help me achieve my goals in the future? According to the website that I’ve recently researched, Monica Fuglei said that Glenda Faye Pryor Johnson, a Memphis parent writer, identified four qualities that children develop whenever they finish their homework: responsibility, time management, perseverance, and self-esteem. These four qualities help students become high-achievers (Fuglei, 2016). So whenever I accomplish my assignments in CIU110, I not only learn, but I also develop my effort into learning the subject. That way, I can be able to develop my learning skills and my critical thinking skills for future use (either for story-telling or for educational purposes).






My Strengths and Weaknesses as a Learner

Upon taking the animation course as a learner, I have a couple of strengths and weaknesses. My general strength as a learner is that I am capable of memorizing or understanding the lectures or other things that’s written before me (visual learning).


In fact; whenever I write down for my speech, I look at the words and remember or even memorize them. Memorizing is actually a helpful way of remembering (“In praise of memorization: 10 proven brain benefits,” 2012). I think of ways to express the words for my upcoming speech, so once I get the words right, I enthusiastically express the words and stay confident in front of my audience.


My other strength as a learner is a bit of drawing. Whenever I draw though, I am able to draw and copy from any picture that I see. I can be able to look at the lines and see how they are positioned. I usually copy and draw cartoon characters or places since they are easy to draw and not hard to depict.


My weakness as a learner, however, is not being able to listen to every lecture or instruction given to me (auditory learning). I do listen to instructions, but my problem is not being able to listen to some vital parts. I follow most of the instructions, but forget some things that can be important. The reason why I’m not really good at listening is because I can easily be distracted or sidetracked by my own thoughts (which can be triggered from the one thing that the speaker said). That is when I usually lose track of the lecture during class.

My other weakness is being slow at the things that I do. For example, I am slow when it comes to thinking critically as well as thinking something creative. Speaking of creative, I usually have a hard time thinking of creative things when it comes to storytelling and drawing. I take time to think or brainstorm my own work.

In order to improve my listening, I need to clear my mind, relax, and avoid unnecessary interruptions (“Listening skills – the 10 principles of listening,” 2011), so I can be able to focus well upon the lectures. I also wish to read more books to improve my comprehension as well improving my creativity. I want to improve my drawing skills by taking drawing classes that will help me know the right techniques.

Whenever I’m learning, I can’t always rely on my basic knowledge. If I want to learn more, I can always look into my campus’ library and use their resources especially ebrary. Ebrary is one of the things that my campus uses for resources. It provides a digital library with tons of e-books. The search engine in the ebrary also allows to search up words or phrases that can be useful to include for the upcoming research. This is only when I need to gain more knowledge for any future works.


What Type of Learner Am I?

From all the things that I study or do, I asked myself, what kind of learner am I? There are three general types of learning: Auditory learning, visual learning, and tactile learning.


An auditory learner is someone who takes in information or knowledge by listening or hearing things to enhance his or her understanding. An auditory learner remembers what he or she hears or says, remembers oral instructions well, and  understands any information he or she can hear (“Auditory Learner,” 2014). According to the website that I’ve taken, it says that I am fifteen percent auditory learner (“What’s your learning style? 20 questions,” 2011). That is actually true because I am quite forgetful after listening to the instructions. Whenever my parents instruct me to do something, I only listen to most instructions sometimes because whenever I do something, a vital part of instruction slips out of my mind, so I forget easily.


The website also told me that I am forty-five percent visual learner (“What’s your learning style? 20 questions,” 2011). The website I researched says that visual learners “prefer using images, pictures, colors, and maps to organize information and communicate with others” (“The visual (spatial) learning style,” n.d.). Basically, visual learners remember or understand things when they see it. I definitely agree that I am mostly a visual learner because during my school time, I remember the lessons or the subjects whenever my teacher writes it down on the board. Just by looking at the information that my teacher covered, I keep the information in my mind and remember it very well. I also remember scenes from movies whenever I see something that makes an impact.


Finally, the website I took the test from says that I am forty percent tactile learner. A tactile learner is a person who learns, remembers, or understands by interacting or experiencing things that are new (Fleming, 2016). In other words, a tactile learner learns or understands by doing things that they didn’t do before. For example, as a tactile learner, I learn to play video games not through the instruction manual, but trying to play the game itself. I would press on every button of the controller to see how each functions. By discovering and experiencing the functions of the game, I was able to learn.


The History of 3D Graphics

Over these past years, technology improved tremendously especially with animation as 3D graphics continue to improve. Long time ago, the making of 3D models were all crooked and stiff, and the animators weren’t able to improve or design what they desire due to the limitation of  3D modeling.

As time progressed, the new and improved 3D animated movie such as Toy Story in 1995 was released that time by Pixar, and soon the movie became a world phenomenal hit. It was the world’s first feature-length computer-animated film (Zorthian, 2015). Toy story has wonderful characters along with the designs of a proper 3D character. Because of Toy Story, marketing expanded and Pixar continued to make more 3D animated films. Pixar continues to become successful as the animators help develop a continuous series of 3D movies.




One of the animations that shook me and inspired me was Pixar’s first mature film called “Borrowed Time,” made by the animators, Lou Hamou-Lhadji and Andrew Coats. The story talked about a sheriff who was facing a state of regret due to the accident that he made towards his father (Makuch, 2016). The animation took a surprising dark turn when it revealed the true accident. I’m even surprised that Pixar would allow such film to exist, of course, it’s only a side project.



What I really also love is how the animators finally have the chance to show their creativity and create scenes that may even be impossible to perform in real life. I hope there will be more surprises as animations advance and improve.



  1. Makuch, E. (2016, October 19). Watch the Devastating New Short Film From Pixar Animators. Retrieved October 19, 2016, from Gamespot,
  2. Schirmer, S. (2016, August 19). Thirty years of Pixar: From toy story to finding Dory, the studio’s biggest hits. The Guardian. Retrieved from
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My Working Space

When I think about my working space, I want a place where I can be very comfortable to work at. For example, I want to work or study in my room alone while listening to my music. The music I listen to for studying is not lyrical music, but usually background music whether instrumental or the beats of the sound. If I listen to lyrical music while studying, I can be distracted easily by the words or the lyrics the singers use. In fact, Leo Fuchigami said that, “Bad study music includes rap, pop, country and other genres that have clear vocals, because listening to human speech automatically interferes with the language processing part of your brain, which is important for most kinds of studying. Good study music uses synthetic, instrumental or natural sounds to help maintain your energy-level, without including distracting human speech” (Fuchigami, n.d.). When I work instead of studying, it doesn’t require me to concentrate that much so I usually listen to lyrical or non-lyrical music. I prefer fast and aggressive kind of music when I work because it gives me a motivating and aggressive mood to work. When I study, I listen to music that’s calm or tranquil. When I study or work in my room, for example, I will work with a normal table instead of my bed because whenever I use the bed, I tend to get comfortable and be very much relaxed to the point that I may accidently fall asleep and waste my precious time and moments of my work. I also prefer working in my room alone because I tend to be distracted by other people’s presence. It gives me the least distracting environment if I keep the others out (“Strategies for effective learning,” n.d.). If there are some things that I will like to improve in my work space, I will like to organize my room as well as my table to make it look cleaner and have more comfortable space for me to work in.



Just by looking at the table, you can see that it looks nice, clean, and comfortable to work in.

Mentally, I will like to take small breaks during my work so that I can rest, relax, and regain my focus before I continue my work and staying on schedule (Korkki, 2015).



3D Production Pipeline: Lighting, Rendering, & Compositing

While 3D modelling (especially in 3DS max), I learn that people have the ability to control the light whatever and wherever they want. People can set the light like the sun and see how much light or glow is required for their scene (Boudon, 2013). With a proper light adjustment, the scene will then look realistic and alive (“The process of 3D animation,” n.d.). Lighting in 3D modeling act as a simulator to see how lighting works in real life. The set up for the light is usually in three points (or more). The three-point lighting is a standard technique that was generally used for cinematography and photography. The three-points are key light, fill light, and back/rim light. Key light is the light that shines the brightest upon the model. The fill light reduces or lowers the deep shadows cast by the key light and it should be on the opposite of the key light’s position. Rim or back light adds a little glow on the back or top of the 3D model to make it more realistic because if not, then the shadows will envelope around the model, and it will look bad.  It’s approach is to properly light up the model in a compelling way and make it look almost simple, but also nice to see. The three-point lighting is really useful in illuminating the model as a studio type lighting effect (Masters, 2014).


After lighting the 3D models’ surfaces, rendering takes place as it is the last step in 3D modeling and animation. Rendering is a process when a 3D animation is assembling the data or output files, and its animated action scenes to make it into a viewable result when exported. (Sanders, 2015). Before exporting the animated project, the scenes must be checked to see if there’s any feature that needs to be adjusted such as the lighting effect, the camera shots, or the environment till you get what you desire your project to be (Boudon, 2013).




Once the renders are finalized and exported, the rendered images will be brought to compositing programs to be edited and be finalized into a film. Compositing is usually processed by adjusting the light to form the final scene and by rotoscoping (Gulati, 2010), which is a process when 3D animation imitates a live action video. For example, an actor performs some actions scenes while the animator creates a digital character that mimics the actor’s performance.






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3D Production Pipeline: UV Mapping, Texturing and Shading, Rigging, & Animation

During the time of making a proper animated project, it is important to know these following things in order to continue through the stages of a 3D production pipeline. UV mapping is when the surface of a 3D model is turned and flattened into a 2D model in order to add or apply texturing. UV is turned into 2D because Luke Jarret said that, “UV is actually the co-ordinates that indicate the axes in 2D space which determines the placement of the images on a 3D object” (Jarret, 2015). The letters U and V show that they are the two geometry co-ordinate axes within the 2D texture space while a 3D model has an X, Y, and Z co-ordinates. Having the knowledge and understanding of UV mapping, it now shows that UV mapping helps in the process of texturing an asset (Jarret 2015).



Once the UV mapping process is done, texturing takes place. Texturing allows you to control the colors, reflectivity, the shininess, and very much other materials that you desire such as shading (Boudon, 2013). The shader helps give the model a proper, decorative look. A shader is really important to the 3D model because when applied rendering, the model’s surface should reflect or interact with the light (Jarrett, 2015). If the shader is not applied, then the model will look bad and the only thing that remains is the data points. Texturing is usually made as 2D images first before it transforms into a 3D model. After doing so, the 3D model will not be plain looking, but it will look a lot more realistic if the colors and other materials are applied properly. If the 3D character’s textures are done, the process continues as you try to rig the character.






Rigging is a process of adding a “skeleton” or “bones” to the character or a 3D model in order to manipulate its movement whether simple or complex (Erin, 2015). If I want my 3D model to move well, I have to make sure that it will look realistic in a believable manner.


There are two types of animation: 2D and 3D animation. 2D animation is a frame by frame drawn process worked usually on a paper using pencil or digitally drawn using a tablet or mouse. 3D animation is almost similar to 2D animation, but each movement of the character is captured and positioned in a series to make a smooth animation (Erin, 2015). 3D animation is not drawn, but only digitally modeled to be manipulated in movement. 3D animation exist in a X,Y, and Z world where you can check your model that can be viewed 360 degrees in every angle (“What is the difference between 3D and 2D animation?,” 2010). 3D models can be treated like a real physical object with real physical cameras focusing on the model and real physical lights that shine and reflect upon the object. When I animate a character, I have to position the model in every each frame.




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